Editor’s Note: This is the first in a series of recipes from our SouthFacin’ Cook, Patsy Brumfield, that we are posting to get our readers in the mood for some great Thanksgiving food. We will be posting one each week until Thanksgiving. Thank you Patsy!!!
HOW TO BRINE A TURKEY FOR A THANKSGIVING FEAST
A few years ago, I watched food guru Alton Brown propound the virtues of brining a turkey. He explained that the salt water brine changes the turkey’s cellular structure so that it pulls out the water, while seasoning the meat.
Boy, was he right! This has been my favorite way to roast a turkey ever since, and I’ve got a least one friend who insists it saved his family holiday meal. Amen, brother.
Of course, this recipe and approach can be used with other meats, especially chicken and pork loin. For example, if you’d like to roast a whole, fresh chicken, half the recipe below.
You also should change your perspective on how long to cook the big bird. Buy yourself a meat thermometer and cook by the internal temps, not how long it’s been cooking. You’ll be amazed at how much more flavorful the meat will be.
BRINING YOUR TURKEY
I have lots of Turkey Day guests, so I buy two birds – the biggest one I can find and then another, probably 16-18 pounds for leftovers. There’s almost nothing worse than not having enough turkey for those gorgeous sandwiches with homemade mayo, a little layer of dressing and a slather of cranberry sauce.
- 2 large plastic garbage bags (the unscented kind)
- large container like my gumbo pot which will fit into your refrigerator
- measuring equipment
- chopping board
- long-handled wooden spoon
This recipe is for a 14-16 pound whole turkey. I make only slight adjustments because my birds are bigger.
INGREDIENTS FOR THE BRINE
- 1 cup kosher salt
- 1/2 cup brown sugar
- 1 quart vegetable stock
- 1 tablespoon black peppercorns
- 4 sprigs rosemary
- 4 bay leaves
- 2 tablespoons garlic or 3 whole cloves
- 4 sprigs of fresh thyme
- 2 cinnamon sticks or 2 tablespoons cinnamon
- 1 onion, halved
- 2 gallons water
LET’S GET STARTED
Three to four days before roasting, begin thawing the turkey in the refrigerator or in a cooler kept at 38 degrees F.
Day before your feast:
Combine the brining ingredients in a large pot over medium-high heat. Stir occasionally to dissolve solids and bring the liquid to a boil. Then remove the brine from the heat, cool to room temperature and refrigerate.
Take your plastic bags, inserting one into the other.
Place the thawed turkey (with innards removed) into the plastic bags, breast side down, and then place the bagged turkey into the large pot, which will hold it in the fridge. Pour your brine into the turkey bag. Leave a little air in the brine bag, then twist the top tightly closed. If you don’t want to use bags, weigh down the bird in a large pot to ensure it is fully immersed and cover the pot. Refrigerate or set in a cool area for 8 to 16 hours, turning the bird once half way through brining.
ROASTING YOUR TURKEY
- large roasting pan with metal rack on which to place the bird (no lid needed)
- aluminum foil
- probe thermometer
INGREDIENTS (besides your thawed turkey)
- 1 red apple, sliced
- 1/2 onion, sliced
- 1 cinnamon stick
- 1 cup water
- 4 sprigs rosemary
- fresh thyme sprigs
- 1 celery stalk
- vegetable oil
LET’S GET STARTED
Remove your turkey from the fridge and drain away brining liquid* (leave it in the brine pot) an hour before you begin the following:
Preheat the oven to 500 degrees F. Rinse the bird inside and out with cold water. (*I save the brine for my second turkey, which will go in the oven later in the day.)
Place the bird on the rack of roasting pan and pat dry with paper towels.
Combine the apple, onion, cinnamon stick, celery stalk and 1 cup of water in a microwave-safe dish and microwave on high for 5 minutes. Add those steeped aromatics to the turkey’s cavity along with the rosemary and thyme. Tuck the wings underneath the bird and coat the skin liberally with vegetable oil. You won’t need salt/pepper because they’re already in your turkey meat from the brine.
Boil a kettle of water. Before you close your oven with the turkey, pour about an inch of boiling water into your roasting pan. Try to maintain this level during the cooking. It will make the pan much easier to clean and give you some drippings to work with for gravy, if you like to do that.
Roast the turkey on lowest level of the oven at 500 degrees F for 30 minutes without the top on. Insert a probe thermometer into thickest part of the breast and reduce the oven temperature to 350 degrees. Set the thermometer alarm (if available) to 165 degrees. If the turkey breast begins to brown too much, make a tent of foil, slip it over the breast and continue baking. (I usually do this. The brown sugar in the brine almost always “darkens” the turkey skin as it roasts, so don’t be alarmed.)
A 14 to 16 pound bird should require about 2 to 2 1/2 hours of roasting. Let the turkey rest, loosely covered with foil for 15 minutes before carving.
Carve and enjoy! Happy Thanksgiving!